Miami Herald publishes Gramener’s Debate Interactive

The ‘Miami Herald’, one of Florida’s ma­jor news­pa­pers, pub­lished Gramener’s Interactive on the fi­nal Presidential de­bate– ‘The Las Vegas Showdown’ . The full story with the in­ter­act­ive can be read here.

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Donations to political parties

When was the last time you thought about re­du­cing your tax bur­dens through 80G, without know­ing what that right in­vest should be? Contribution to­wards funds of polit­ic­al parties could be in­vig­or­at­ing – es­pe­cially if the party wins.

At Gramener, we visu­al­ized the dona­tions re­ceived by vari­ous polit­ic­al parties, to trace their sources, fre­quency and size of dona­tions, and to find out if they ef­fect the elec­tion res­ults. You can ex­plore these at http://ibn.gramener.com/donation/.

The data col­lec­ted over 7 years in­dic­ate that BJP has been the highest re­ceiv­er start­ing 2003, ex­cept in 2005, 2006 and 2009 when Congress had an up­per hand. The over­all fig­ures in­dic­ate BJP as the most so­ci­etal with stag­ger­ing fig­ures of Rs 315 crores which is close to 46% of the total dona­tions done in the past 7 years.

Party-wise donations

Interestingly, for BJP, the years in which show spikes in the trend where BJP gets de­feated. Whereas, for Congress wherever they have spikes they earned gov­ern­ments in states.

BJP donation trendINC donation trend

The trends for both the parties has been rep­res­en­ted above.

If we try to un­der­stand the donat­ing pat­terns from in­di­vidu­als, cor­por­ates and trusts, the cor­por­ates have donated the highest in year 2009 when com­pared to yes­teryears. This was the year when Congress came to power and the over­all stats also in­dic­ate that the dona­tion earn­ing dif­fer­ence was not huge when com­pared to BJP.
Donations in 2009

This may be in­dic­at­ive of the re­forms which cor­por­ates were an­ti­cip­at­ing from Indian National Congress to give some breath to the already gasp­ing eco­nomy in the mid­st of World Economic crisis.

Also, the cor­por­ates have been the highest donors on an over­all basis. But, watch­ing closely, fin­an­cial years 2003-04, 2006-07 & 2010-11, 2011-12 nar­rate a dif­fer­ent story al­to­geth­er where the highest donors were Trusts & Individuals re­spect­ively.

Donations 2004Donations 2007

Donations 2011Donations 2012

Moving on to the com­pan­ies who have con­trib­uted the most, they have set up Electoral Trusts, which sewed up mon­et­ary trans­ac­tions to polit­ic­al en­tit­ies en­sur­ing prop­er tax be­ne­fits and leg­al­iz­a­tion, trans­par­ency of such trans­ac­tions. The trends also in­dic­ate that com­pan­ies in the dir­ect con­sumer products have con­trib­uted the most.

Torrent Power, star­ted in 1996 has been the only power sec­tor en­ter­prise which has en­gulfed huge cash trans­ac­tions in its name every year start­ing 2007-08. Interestingly, the share prices also surged for the fol­low­ing years de­pic­ted as be­low:

Torrent Power share price

Source: https://www.google.com/finance

There are also in­di­vidu­als who have donated only to single party and such in­terest re­mains pretty un­ex­plain­able. For ex­ample, huge sums have babbled to parties like MNS, AIADMK through in­di­vidu­als on a con­tinu­ous basis. The im­agery is as un­der ex­plain­ing the trend and con­tri­bu­tion made on an over­all basis.

Individual donations

Donations do not af­fect the party’s per­form­ance in elec­tion years but even­tu­ally help in build­ing cash re­serves. Indian National Congress, which was in power may not have so much dif­fi­culty in gov­ern­ing it­self on mon­et­ary terms which can also ex­plain a lower per­cent­age of dona­tions to­wards the rul­ing party.

Visit http://ibn.gramener.com/donation/ to ex­plore this data.

Winnability in non-reserved seats

In our last post, we have seen the ex­tent to which parties give tick­ets to SC/ST can­did­ates in non-reserved con­stitu­en­cies. In this post, we will com­pare the per­form­ance of SC/ST can­did­ates with their gen­er­al coun­ter­parts.

Here, we define re­l­at­ive win­nab­il­ity as the ra­tio of win% of group and total win%. That is, how much more of­ten does a group win com­pared to the av­er­age.

Winnability in non-reserved seats

At the na­tion­al level, re­l­at­ive win­nab­il­ity of ST can­did­ates is more than SC can­did­ate. Yet, ST can­did­ates are given less seats in non-reserved seats.

Part-wise re­l­at­ive win­nab­il­ity of gen­er­al, SC, ST can­did­ate at non-reserved seats are:

Winnability by Party

Overall, most parties have higher gen­er­al can­did­ate win­nab­il­ity in non-reserved con­stitu­en­cies. BSP and LJP in­curred heavy losses at places where it fielded SC/ST can­did­ates. There seems to be a dir­ect cor­rel­a­tion between losses in­curred by a party which gave higher share of seats to SC can­did­ates. For ex­ample, BSP and LJP were highly in­clined to give gen­er­al seats to SC can­did­ate and lost most of these seats.

In these ana­lys­is, we came across some in­ter­est­ing cases like:

  • SP lost all the gen­er­al seats where it fielded a SC can­did­ate and won only one gen­er­al seat where it fielded ST can­did­ate.
  • CPM, CPI, JD(U) lost all the gen­er­al seats where it fielded a ST can­did­ate.
  • Though LJP fields many SC/ST can­did­ates in gen­er­al seats, it didn’t win any of these seats.

There are quite few main­stream parties which give non-reserved seats to SC/ST can­did­ates. It’s an­other story how the gen­er­al pub­lic have voted in re­served seats. We shall take that it in an­other series.